Today's stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and it is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project which is displaying great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now performing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure involves transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and quite often just black out which may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with simply approximately 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The solution to this problem would be to make islets inside the lab utilizing stems cells. There is currently research taking place using debatable embryonic stem cells together with stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway towards a cure is moving slowly. People who think that life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research since the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and also have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But you will find studies which raise queries about the capacity of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study revealed that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells taken from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to become reproduced.

Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists believe that this research holds the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is showing great promise in the battle to find a cure for this long-term disease.