Today's stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is showing great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project which is displaying me diabetes help great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now performing clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure involves transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and thus no insulin is produced. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant can give warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out which can be dangerous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not adequate donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this problem would be to make islets inside the lab using stems cells. There is currently research taking place using questionable embryonic stem cells together with stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception firmly oppose embryonic stem cell research because the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But you will find studies which raise questions regarding the capability of these cells as therapies.A current published study reported that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to get reproduced.

Although the research using stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists believe that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the struggle to find a remedy for this chronic disease.